Methods of infection and treatment of man from parasites

herbal teas for parasites

There are various ways to infect humans with parasites. Statistics say that a common cause of human death is the presence of parasites in the body and infectious diseases.

In the blood plasma, scientists found fungi, bacteria and even algae. The most common are intestinal worms.

Parasites are able to live inside a person for a long time. In 60% of cases, chronic and oncological diseases are caused by their vital activity. With prolonged exposure to microorganisms, the internal organs and the entire immune system suffer.

Methods of parasitic infection

There are several ways to get infected with parasites. Parasites are microorganisms that live at the expense of another organism and are biologically and ecologically related to it. Parasites can feed on juices, tissues, products that a person consumes, remaining in the body temporarily or permanently.

You can get infected with helminths in the following ways:

  1. Through dirty hands.
  2. In contact with the ground.
  3. For insect bites.
  4. If you eat an undercooked piece of meat or fish.
  5. If not, wash fruit and vegetables before eating.
  6. If the contact is illiterate with animals.
  7. Upon contact with a sick person with helminths.

Worm eggs can be found in soil, water, dirty fruit and vegetables, and meat or fish that have not undergone sufficient heat treatment.

In some cases, infection can occur due to an insect bite, but it is extremely rare, since mainly helminth eggs enter the body with food. Dirty hands can also become a source of helminthiasis infection.

From a sick person who is a carrier of pinworms, you can also get infected. Pinworm crawls out of the anus and lays eggs in the anus. They, in turn, can remain on underwear, being in the hands of a person. The larvae can remain on the toilet, on the door handle, on other objects. If the rules of personal hygiene are not observed, they penetrate the body of other family members. If helminths are found in one of the family members, all family members must undergo treatment.

Infection through water occurs by drinking unboiled water or taking a bath.

What types of helminths are there?

The most common group of intestinal worms, which includes roundworms. These include hookworms, roundworms, pinworms, heartworm disease, and trichinella.

The second large group includes protozoa, or unicellular parasites. These are amoebas, giardia, neospores, cryptosporidium, etc.

Chistolytic entamoeba infection can occur through the consumption of contaminated water. In this case, soft stools appear, there are severe pain in the abdomen, vomiting. Sometimes in severe cases, such manifestations complicate the liver. People often confuse amoebic dysentery with a viral infection.

On the walls of the stomach, millions of single-celled parasites can exist and develop, which do not allow the correct absorption of the nutrients needed by the body.

Characteristic signs of giardiasis

Symptoms of a parasitic infestation are as follows:

  1. Accumulation of gas in the stomach.
  2. Irregular stools with undigested bits of food.
  3. Chills.
  4. Increased sweating.
  5. Frequent abdominal pain.
  6. Liquid stools.

In the absence of treatment for parasites, over time a person will begin to lose weight and will often become ill due to a depleted immune system. Of course, it is not recommended to be guided by symptoms alone to identify parasites. It is necessary to conduct a series of stool and blood tests to detect helminths. Treatment largely depends on the degree of infection. In folk medicine there are many recipes for the treatment of helminthiasis, in difficult cases it is better to resort to a medical method of treatment.

Classification of helminths

Worms are divided into flat and round.

Flat views:

  1. Trematodes, these include schistosomes, opisthorchis, etc.
  2. Cestodes - echinococcus, tapeworms, alveococcus.

Nematodes or Nematodes:

  1. pinworms.
  2. Ascaris.
  3. Trichinella.
  4. Hookworm.

The following types of helminths are the most common.

Schistosomes

This type of worm is heterosexual, outwardly it resembles a needle 0, 4 to 2, 6 cm long. Females are considered large, which can produce up to 300 larvae per day.

The transmission routes are mainly bathing in polluted waters. Infection occurs through a person's mucous membranes and by accidental ingestion of dirty water while bathing. Once in the body, the larva transforms into an adult in one day, capable of producing hundreds of similar organisms.

Schistosome reaches puberty after entering the human venous system with the bloodstream. Eggs of an individual can be found in the intestines, urine, mucous membranes. After a bowel movement, the schistosome begins its journey the same way.

This parasite can remain in the human body for decades, causing irreparable harm to the patient. It is not the schistosomes themselves that are dangerous, but their eggs. They accumulate on internal organs and cause damage with their tips, damaging the tissue, which often causes various ulcers.

There are symptoms by which a person can determine the presence of schistosomes in the body:

  • poor appetite;
  • anemia;
  • enlargement of the liver and alteration of the spleen;
  • poor intestinal motility;
  • stomach ache;
  • diarrhea or constipation;
  • strong weight loss;
  • bleeding in the intestines;
  • pain when urinating;
  • allergic reactions;
  • general weakness.

Cestode

Tapeworms are tapeworms that can reach gigantic lengths. Thus, the length of an adult individual is on average 0. 5 cm. The female of the tapeworm is capable of laying up to 200 thousand eggs during the year.

Due to special devices on the heads in the form of suckers, tapeworms are firmly attached to the walls of the intestine. In this case, the whole body suffers. Especially these worms are dangerous for young children, as they exhaust the body with their vital activity and cause anemia in a short time.

The routes of infection are fecal-oral, that is, they are dirty hands, fruits and vegetables. The larvae, once in the intestine, spread through the veins throughout the body, penetrating the liver, heart and even the oral cavity. A number of the larvae in this case die, while the rest are swallowed again.

The main signs of parasite infection:

  • nausea and vomit;
  • yellowing of the skin;
  • pancreatitis;
  • frequent colds;
  • development of bronchitis and pneumonia.

Prevention of parasite infestation

Since there are many ways of parasite infection, it is worth following a few rules to protect yourself and your family members from the possible ingestion of worm larvae.

  1. Respect for the rules of personal hygiene. Frequent hand washing will prevent parasites from entering the human body. Especially children need to learn this, as they often take their hands and various objects in their mouths.
  2. Thorough washing of fruits and vegetables with running or boiled water.
  3. Extermination in the living quarters of flying and crawling insects (flies, cockroaches), as they are carriers of helminth eggs.

Many experts believe that every person is a carrier of parasites in one way or another, so you should cleanse the body from time to time.