If a person has subcutaneous parasites, it is important to see a doctor in a timely manner and diagnose the problem. It is also necessary to select a treatment regimen that takes into account the type of worms and their location. What parasites can live in human skin, what symptoms bother the patient at the same time, what kind of diagnostic measures will help determine the disease, and what drug treatment is carried out when the diagnosis is confirmed?
Reasons for the appearance
Subcutaneous helminths, getting into the human body, may not show themselves for years. As the worm matures, the infected person develops severe symptoms, which indicate that something is wrong with the body and that medical attention is needed. The worm larvae enter the host's body in the following ways:
- through the bites of infected insects;
- when drinking the water in which the larvae are found;
- through skin contact with an infected person.
To determine what kind of parasites got under the skin of a person, it is necessary to contact an infectious doctor who will send the patient for research. After a series of diagnostic tests, the doctor identifies the type of worm and prescribes appropriate treatment. It is not recommended to try to remove subcutaneous parasites yourself, as it can worsen the condition and cause life-threatening complications.
Types of subcutaneous helminths, symptoms and site of localization
dranculosis - worms under the human skin that enter the body when they drink dirty water, live in countries with warm climates. Parasites are localized on the back, abdomen and legs, that is, in the subcutaneous layer. Adults reach sizes up to 150 cm, and pets can also be carriers. When the larvae enter the human body, they migrate through the bloodstream, penetrate the internal organs and the subcutaneous layer. Adults reach sexual maturity after 12 months.
Due to the fact that skin parasites in a patient secrete their waste products, the skin at the site of their localization swells, itches, and when the tumor reaches a large size, it bursts, releasing new larvae. The larvae in the leg cause complications such as blood poisoning, joint problems, and suppuration in the parasite's habitats.
Heartworm - skin parasites in humans, which enter the host's body through insect bites, often mosquitoes. The main host of heartworm is a pet that is bitten by a mosquito, transferring the larvae with the bite into the human body. The incubation period lasts 2-3 years, while the infected person during this period does not worry about any symptoms. The subcutaneous worm of heartworm affects not only the skin of a person, migratory larvae enter the sclera of the eyes, leading to visual impairment and, in case of untimely treatment, to complete the loss. In addition, the worm can live in the scrotum and affect the patient's other genital organs.
In the process of vital activity, intradermal parasites secrete toxic waste products, causing itching and burning. As the parasite grows, the area of the lesion on the skin also increases. To remove the worm, the affected area is resected with heartworm extraction.
Scabies mites are parasites that live under the skin and can only be seen under a microscope. Settling in the subcutaneous layer, the mite develops vital activity, damaging the integrity of the dermis, as a result of which the patient is worried about severe itching. Feeding on the human epithelium, the tick develops completely inside the patient's body and, upon reaching puberty, lays eggs. Most often, the parasite is localized on the back, hands and fingers, on the soles of the legs, on the outer surface of the thigh, on the chest, in the armpits, on the genitals, on the scalp. Infection with a scabies mite is clearly visible visually, and if the disease is not treated, complications such as furunculosis, dermatitis, eczema develop.
The main carrier of the disease are infected insects that infect a person when bitten. When the larva enters the human body, symptoms of fever develop, which is accompanied by a rash. After that, the disease does not make itself felt for several years. When larvae are formed, a person experiences symptoms such as a deterioration in general well-being, weakness and a rise in temperature. On the neck, torso and back, rashes appear in the form of eczema, ulcers, warts and nodular growths. If the disease is not treated in a timely manner, the person suffers from sight, worries about arthrosis.
Schistosomiasis - subcutaneous worms that enter the human body in contact with contaminated water. Worms infect the patient's genitals, causing itching, allergic rashes, dermatitis. With schistosomiasis, the kidneys and liver are affected. Parasites in the testicles and scrotum cause inflammation, lumps, and itching. It is important to diagnose the disease in time and start drug treatment.
Cysticercosis is caused by pig tapeworm larvae, which are introduced into the human body by drinking contaminated water and meat from a sick animal. Helminths live under the skin, in the eyes, in the tissues of internal organs, in the muscles and even in the head. If the larvae are located in the muscles and under the skin, there is pain and burning. The affected area under the skin, in which the helminth is located, grows in size, gradually becoming denser.
Subcutaneous parasites in humans are diagnosed directly in the office of an infectious doctor who examines the patient. The doctor evaluates the lesions, which lead to the abandonment of the disease. To confirm the diagnosis, the patient is sent for blood tests and scraping samples. For a more detailed diagnosis, instrumental methods are used that will help determine the location of parasites and the number of adults in the body. When the diagnosis is confirmed, the doctor develops a treatment regimen.
Treatment of subcutaneous parasites in humans
Treatment of parasites affecting the skin is based on the use of a broad-spectrum anthelmintic agent. With inflammation, the use of antibiotics, vasoconstrictors and antihistamines is indicated.
With heartworm, when the worm is concentrated in one place and its movement is limited, an operation is prescribed in which an incision is made in the affected part and the worms come out through the skin with the help of a doctor. Surgical removal is indicated for massive damage by large worms of internal organs, sclera of the eyes and brain. You should not try to cure this type of helminthiasis on your own, using folk methods, as they are generally ineffective with abundant invasion and in some cases can harm the patient.
Since worms and subcutaneous mites enter the human body through the skin, in contact with an infected carrier, the first thing to do is to observe the rules of hygiene: always wash your hands before eating, keep the room clean, change underwear and linen regularly bedroom, do not give mosquitoes and other insects to enter the residential building.
If a person prefers to relax in countries with a tropical climate, it is worth taking care of the quality of the drink, food and place of rest in advance. If insects and animals live in the selected area that cause parasitic disease, it is worth consulting with your doctor about the safety rules that will help avoid infection.